Gerlyver Kescows 2nd Edition Pronunciation Appendix


CONSULTATION

Until 30 November 2020


Publication of the second edition of Gerlyver Kescows is expected in 2021. It will be accompanied by on-line guidance for pronouncing every word and phrase. Below you will find a draft of the key and of the part corresponding to Letter A of the draft Cornish-English section. This is still very much work-in-progress, and it will be updated from time to time during the consultation period.

If you are supportive of revived traditional Cornish and the Kernowek Standard spelling system, please let us know any comments you may have as the guide develops. Go to Contact Us.


KEY

The recommended pronunciations are designed to be practical for learners of traditional Cornish using Gerlyver Kescows. They approximate the sounds of continuous speech in western Cornwall around 1600, as best as we are able to reconstruct them. In particular, the recommendations incorporate the full effect of the Prosodic Shift (reducing many unstressed syllables to or towards schwa). They also assume that the rounded back vowels heard today in the first syllables of German Wüste (long) and Küste (short) had already been lost from Cornish.

In the guideline pronunciations the symbol ' in front of a syllable indicates that the syllable is stressed. If the symbol occurs twice in the same word, then both syllables in question are prominent. In a two-syllable word of this kind, the first syllable is slightly more prominent than the second; while in a word with more than two syllables it is the second marked syllable that is slightly more prominent than the first.

This text: 9 November 2020 (16.45)


Vowels (including diphthongs)

a is the vowel in CAT.

a: is the vowel in CAT but lengthened.

aw is the vowel in OWL.

ay is the vowel in HIGH.

e is the vowel in PET.

e: is the vowel in THERE as pronounced in southern English speech that does not sound r in this word.

ee is the vowel in THREE. When it occurs in unstressed word-final position in a word of more than one syllable it becomes the vowel sound at the end of BODY or TEDDY. These two sounds are slightly different, influenced by the first vowel sound in their word. The same variation occurs in Cornish.

ee is the vowel in THREE with the tongue lowered.

eu is the vowel in FUR as pronounced in southern English speech that does not sound r in this word. Many speakers pronounce as e: or half-way between e: and eu. The vowel is shorter when unstressed.

ey is half-way between the vowels in HIGH and HAY.

ə is the vowel sound heard in English THE when that word is not pronounced like THEE.

i is the vowel in PIT.

iə is the vowel in PIT, but weakened in the direction of ə. This vowel is sometimes called i-coloured schwa.

iw is just i + w pronounced as a diphthong.

o is half-way between the vowels in COT and CUT.

o: is the same vowel lengthened.

o: is the vowel in OR as pronounced in English speech that does not sound the r in this word. Cornish also has a short version of this vowel, written in the guideline pronunciations as o.

ow is half-way between the vowels in HOW and SHOW. When it occurs before another vowel in the same word some speakers pronounce as the vowel in COO. A few speakers pronounce as the vowel in COO also when it occurs in unstressed word-final position.

oy is the vowel in BOY.

u is the vowel in WOOD.

u: is the vowel in COO.

uə is the vowel in WOOD, but weakened in the direction of ə. This vowel is sometimes called u-coloured schwa.

Consonants

b should be given its usual English value. But note heb neb pùb ryb: in these words the letter b is pronounced as p when the next word begins with any of the letters c f h k l n p q s (where not pronounced z) or t.

bm is m preceded by a slight b sound. This is called ‘pre-occlusion’. Some speakers omit the b entirely.

ch is pronounced as in CHURCH, not as in CHEMIST.

For d n t the tip of the tongue is brought down on to the back of the top teeth in good Cornish pronunciation.

[In view of comments received, the above will likely be modified.]

dh is the consonant heard in THE.

dn is n preceded by a slight d sound. This is another instance of pre-occlusion. Some speakers omit the d entirely.

f m sh y should be given their usual English value. In the guideline pronunciations y is always a consonant.

g is always ‘hard’ as in GIVE. But note dhyrag rag: in these words the letter g is pronounced as k when the next word begins with any of the letters c f k l n p q s (where not pronounced z) or t.

h should be given its usual English value. But it is sounded only lightly.

j should be given its usual English value.

For k p t the puff of air that accompanies these sounds in English is absent in good Cornish pronunciation. The puff is also absent in English when s immediately follows, so practise taking the s away without putting the puff in its place. Some accents of English that originated abroad also lack the puff; e.g. the English accent typically associated with France, or English as spoken in South Asia.

[In view of comments received, the above will likely be modified.]

l is always ‘light’ or ‘liquid’ as in these very words, whatever its position in the Cornish word, never ‘dark’ or ‘hard’ as in COLD.

ng is the sound in SING as pronounced in southern English speech.

r should be trilled gently on the tip of the tongue, not rolled strongly.

wr is r preceded by a slight w sound. Some speakers omit the w entirely.

indicates a different r sound, with the tip of the tongue slightly curled back (‘retroflex’) and no trill at all. This is generally a lighter sound, both in Cornish and in English of Cornwall, compared with the similar sound in West Country English as spoken east of the Tamar.

s in the guideline pronunciations is always as in THIS, never as in THESE.

sz is s but with an option taken by some speakers to pronounce z instead.

th is the consonant heard in THIN, not in THE.

should be given its usual English value.

w should be given its usual English value.

wh is the sound spelled as the letter-combination WH in both Standard Cornish and English. Although in English it is often cut down to a w sound without aspiration, the aspiration is never lost in Cornish.

z should be given its usual English value.

zs is intermediate between z and s, though it is closer to z. It is the sound heard at the end of the second syllable of English CHURCHES.

 

A

a’n barth-ma / tu-ma dhe ən 'baᴚh 'ma: / 'tiw 'ma: dhə

a’n par-ma ən 'paᴚ 'ma:

a’n par-na ən 'paᴚ 'na:

a’n pla ən 'pla:

a’n present termyn ən 'pre-zənt 'teᴚ-miən

a’n sêson aən 'sze:-zən

a bris ə 'breez

a brow ə 'brow

a dheu ə 'dheu

a res [porrês] ə 're:z 'po-'re:z

a varhas dhâ ə 'vaᴚ-həzs 'dha:

a verr spÿs ə veᴚ 'speez

a vresel ə 'vre-zəl

a’y eseth ey 'e-zəth

a’y sav ey 'za:v

a’y wosa ey 'wo-zə

a’y wroweth ey wrow-əth

abarth, abarth dhe ə-'baᴚh, ə-'baᴚh dhə

abecedary a-bə-sə-'da-ree

aberth in ə-'beᴚth iən

aberveth ə-'beᴚ-vəth

aberveth in ə-'beᴚ-vəth iən

abhorrya əb-'hor-yə

abm, abmow 'abm, 'a-bmow

abma 'a-b

aborpos ə-'boᴚ-pəzs

aboynt ə-'boynt

abyl 'a-biəl

academy a-kə-'de-mee

acord 'a-kəᴚd

acordya ə-'koᴚd-yə

acordyng dhe ə-'koᴚ-diəng dhə

acordyon ə-'koᴚd-yən

acownt, acowntys 'a-kownt, ə-'kown-tiəzs

acownt arhow 'a-kownt 'aᴚ-how

acownt erbysyon 'a-kownt əᴚ-'biz-yən

acownt kesres 'a-kownt 'kez-rezs

acowntya ə-'kownt-yə

acowntyas, acowntysy ə-'kownt-yəzs, a-kown-'ti-zee

act 'act

adâl, adâl dhe ə-'do:-l, ə-'do:-l dhə

adamant, adamantys ə-'da-mənt, a-də-'man-tiəzs

addya 'ad-yə

aden gales, adenyow cales 'a-dən 'ga-ləzs, ə-'den-yow 'ka-ləzs

aden vedhel, adenyow medhel 'a-dən 've-dhəl, ə-'den-yow 'me-dhəl

adenewen a-də-'niw-ən

adermyn ə-'deᴚ-miən

adhevîs a-dhə-'veez

adhewedhes a-dhə-'we-dhezs

adhyhow ə-'dhi-how

adhyhow dhe ə-'dhi-how dhə

adhyscans ə-'dhi-skənz

adhyscansek a-dhiə-'skan-zək

adre ə-'dre:

adre dro ə-'dre: 'dro:

adrëv ə-'dre:v

adro ə-'dro:

adro dhe ə-'dro: dhə

adverb adverbow 'ad-vəᴚb əd-'veᴚ-bow

afîna ə-'fee-nə

afînans ə-'fee-nənz

afînus ə-'fee-niəzs

afînuster, afînusterow a-fee-'ni-stəᴚ, a-fee-niə-'ste-row

aflavar ə-'fla-vəᴚ

afles 'aflezs

afodyl ə-'fo-diəl

afrêsonus a-fre:-'zo-niəzs

afydhya ə-'fidh-ə

agensow ə-'genz-ow

agledh ə-'gle:dh

agledh dhe ə-'gle:dh dhə

agria ə-'gree-ə

agrians ə-'gree-ənz

agweth, agwedhow 'a-gwəth, ə-'gwe-dhow

aha 'a-'ha

ahës ə-he:z

air 'e:ᴚ

airborth, airborthow 'e:ᴚ-'boᴚh, 'e:ᴚ-'boᴚ-how

airen, airednow 'e:-rən, e-'re-dnow

aireth, airedhow 'e:-rəth, e-'re-dhow

airgelgh, airgelhow 'e:ᴚ-'gelh, 'e:ᴚ-'gel-how

airlu, airluyow 'e:ᴚ-'liw, 'e:ᴚ-'li-yow

airstanch 'e:ᴚ-'stanch

ajy ə-'jee

ajy dhe ə-'jee dhə

alamand, alamandys 'a-lə-mənd, a-lə-'man-diəzs

alarm ə-'laᴚm

albùm 'al-buəm

alcohol 'al-ko-hol

alebma ə-'le-b

alena ə-'le-nə

alergek ə-'leᴚ-gək

alês ə-'le:z

Allâh 'a-la:(h) also a-'la(h)

alowa ə-'low-ə

alowadow a-low-'a-dow

âls, âlsyow 'o:lz, 'o:lz-yow

alsen, alsednow 'al-zən, əl-'ze-dnow

alûmynyùm a-lu-'min-yəm

alusen, alusonow ə-'li-zən, a-liə-'zo-now

alwhedha əl-'whe-dhə

alwhedhel, alwhedhellow al-'whe-dhəl, al-whə-'dhe-low

alwhedhen, alwhedhednow al-'whe-dhən, al-whə-'dhe-dnow

alwhedhor, alwhedhoryon al-'whe-dhəᴚ, al-whə-'dhoᴚ-yən

alweth, alwhedhow 'al-whəth, al-'whe-dhow

alwheth corkyn, alwhedhow corkyn 'al-whəth 'koᴚ-kiən, al-'whe-dhow 'koᴚ-kiən

alymona a-liə-'mo-nə

amal, emlow 'a-məl, 'em-low

amanyn ə-'ma-niən

amary, amarys 'a-mə-ree, 'a-mə-riəzs

amateur, amateurs a-'ma-teuᴚ, a-'ma-teuᴚz

amateurek a-mə-'teu-rək

amateurus a-mə-'teu-riəzs

ambos, ambosow 'am-bozs, əm-'bo-zow

ambosek əm-'bo-zək

ambosow negys əm-'bo-zow 'ne-giəzs

amendya ə-'mend-yə

amêthy ə-'me:-thee

amêthyans ə-'me:th-yənz

amowntyor, amowntyoryon ə-'mownt-yəᴚ, a-mownt-'yoᴚ-yən

amowntyor dêwlin, amowntyoryon dêwlin ə-'mownt-yəᴚ 'diw-liən, a-mownt-'yoᴚ-yən 'diw-liən

amseryow əm-'seᴚ-yow

amuvyansek a-miəv-'yan-zək

amuvyansus a-miəv-'yan-ziəzs

amyttya ə-'mit-yə

an Avar ən 'a-vəᴚ

An Benscol Egerys ən 'ben-skəl ə-'ge-riəzs

an bobel ən 'bo-bəl

an bobel vian ən 'bo-bəl 'vee-ən

an Bobm Brâs ən 'bo-bm 'bro:z

an Canker ən 'kang-kəᴚ

an cans ən 'kanz

an cùrunvîrùs ən 'ku-riən-'vee-ruəzs

an dâ ən 'da:

an Dasserghyans Kernowek ən də-'seᴚh-yənz Kəᴚ-'now-ək

an Dowror ən 'dow-rəᴚ

an drog ən 'dro:g

an Enebyans ən ə-'neb-yənz

an Evellas ən ə-'ve-ləzs

an eyl torn ... ha tres aral ən 'eyl 'toᴚn ... hə 'tre:z 'a-rəl

an Furv Scrifys Savonek ən 'viᴚv 'skri-fiəzs zsə-'vo-nək

an Fydhyans Kenedhlek ən 'fidh-yənz kə-'nedh-lək

an Gov ən 'go:v

an gowethas ən gə'we-thəzs

an Gùntelles Adhevîs ən guən-'te-ləzs a-dhə-'veez

an Gwariow Olympek ən gwa-'ree-ow ə-'lim-pək

an gwella oll ganso ən 'gwe-lə 'ol 'gan-zə

an gwir a leverta ən 'gweeᴚ ə lə-'veᴚ-tə

an Hordh ən 'hoᴚ

an Kenedhlow Udnys ən kə'nedh-low 'idniəzs

an Kesrosweyth ən kəz-'roz-wiəth

an Lew ən 'liw

an Lotry Kenedhlek ən 'lo-tree kə-'nedh-lək

an Lybral Democratyon ən 'li-brəl de-mə-'krat-yən

an mainys kemunessa ən 'me:-niəzs ke-miə-'ne-sə

an Osow Cres ən 'o-zow 'kre:z

an pêwas brâs ən 'pi-wəzs 'bro:z

an Pùscas ən 'pu-skəzs

an Scorpyon ən 'skoᴚp-yən

an Sethor ən 'sze-thəᴚ

an Spyrys Sans ən 'spi-riəzs 'szanz

an stairys wàr nans ən 'ste:-riəzs waᴚ 'nanz

an Tarow ən 'ta-row

an termyn a dheu ən 'teᴚ-miən ə 'dheu

an termyn eus passys ən 'teᴚ-miən euz 'pas-iəzs

an Udnyans Ewrôpek ən 'idn-yənz iw-'ro:-pək

an Vontol ən 'von-təl

an Werhes ən 'weᴚ-həzs

anal 'a-nəl

analogieth, analogiethow a-nə-'lo-giə-əth, a-nə-lo-giə-'e-thow

ancertan ən-'seᴚ-tən

ancombra əng-'kom-brə

ancombrus əng-'kom-briəzs

ancombrynsy əng-kəm-'brin-zee

andenethyans ən-də-'neth-yənz

andyblans ən-'di-blənz

anella ə-'ne-lə

anês 'a-ne:zs

aneth, anedhow 'a-nəth, ə-'ne-thow

anêwn 'a-niwn

anfel 'an-fel

anfelder ən-'fel-dəᴚ

anfurvus ən-'fiᴚ-viəzs

anfusyk ən-'fi-ziək

Anglycan ang-'gli-kən

anhegol ən-'he-gol

ania ə-'nee-ə

anians ə-'nee-ənz

anjùst 'an-just

anken 'ang-kən

ankevy əng-'ke-vee

anowy ə-'now-ee

anserhak ən-'szeᴚ-hək

ansur 'an-sziᴚ

antarlyck, antarlyckys 'an-təᴚ-liək, an-təᴚ-'li-kiəzs

anteythy ən-'tey-thee

anvodhek ən-'vo-dhək

anwhek 'an-whek

anwos 'an-wozs

anwyw 'an-wiw

anyagh 'an-yah

anyahus ən-'ya-hiəzs

anyen 'an-yən

aparn, aprodnyow 'a-pəᴚn, ə-'prodn-yow

apert ə-'peᴚt

apotecary, apotecarys a-pə-tə-'ka-ree, a-pə-'tə-'ka-reezs

appa, appys 'a-pə, 'a-piəzs

appendyx ə-'pen-diəks

apperya ə-'peᴚ-yə

apperyans ə-'peᴚ-yənz

applaudya ə-'plo:d-yə

applaudyans ə-'plo:d-yənz

apposyans, apposyansow ə-'poz-yənz, a-pəz-'yan-zow

apposyans drîvya ə-'poz-yənz 'dreev-yə

appoyntyans, appoyntyansow ə-'poynt-yənz, a-poynt-'yan-zow

aqwîrya ə-'kweeᴚ-yə

aqwytyans ə-'kwit-yənz

aradar 'a-rə-dəᴚ

arâg ə-'ra:g

aral, erel 'a-rəl, 'e-rəl

aras 'a-rəzs

aray ə-'ray

araya ə-'rey-ə

arayans ə-'rey-ənz

arbednyk aᴚ-'be-dniək

arbenygor, arbenygoryon aᴚ-bə-'ni-gəᴚ, aᴚ-be-niə-'goᴚ-yən

arbenygya aᴚ-bə-'nig-yə

arbrevy aᴚ-'bre-vee

arbrof, arbrovow 'aᴚ-brof, aᴚ-'bro-vow

arbrojy aᴚ-'bro-jee

ardak 'aᴚ-dak

arenep, arenebow a-'re-nəp, a-rə-'ne-bow

areth, arethyow 'a-rəth, ə-'reth-yow

arethek ə-'reth-ək

arethva, arethvaow ə-'reth-və, a-rəth-'va-ow

arfedhor, arfedhoryon aᴚ-'fe-dhəᴚ, aᴚ-fədh-'oᴚ-yən

arfedhysak, arfedhysogyon aᴚ-fə-'dhi-zək, aᴚ-fə-dhiə-'zog-yən

arfeth, arfedhow 'aᴚ-feth, aᴚ-'fe-dhow

argas 'aᴚ-gazs

argebmyn, argemydnow aᴚ-'ge-bmiən, aᴚ-gə-'mi-dnow

argemydna aᴚ-gə-'mi-d

argh, arhow 'aᴚh, 'aᴚ-how

argh- 'aᴚh-

argh atal 'aᴚh 'atəl

arghpedrevan, arghpedrevanas 'aᴚh-pə-'dre-vən, 'aᴚh-pe-drə-'va-nəzs

argibya aᴚ-'gib-yə

argraf, argrafow 'aᴚ-graf, aᴚ-'gra-fow

argùment, argùmentys aᴚ-'gu-mənt, aᴚ-guə-'men-tiəzs

argya 'aᴚg-yə

arhadow aᴚ-'ha-dow

arhans 'aᴚ-hənz

arhansek aᴚ-'han-zək

arhansorieth aᴚ-hən-'zo-riə-əth

arhanty, arhantiow aᴚ-'han-tee, aᴚ-hən-'tee-ow

arhas, arhasow 'aᴚ-hazs, aᴚ-'ha-zow

arhasa aᴚ-'ha-zə

arlodhes, arlodhesow aᴚ-'lo-dhəzs, aᴚ-lə-'dhe-zow

arlùth, arlydhy 'aᴚ-luth, aᴚ-'li-dhee

arlyw, arlywyow 'aᴚ-liw, aᴚ-'liw-yow

arlywa aᴚ-'liw-ə

army, armys 'aᴚ-mee, 'aᴚ-miəzs

arnowedhy aᴚ-now-'e-dhee

arnowyth aᴚ-'now-iəth

arolegyth, arolegydhyon a-rə-'le-giəth, a-rə-lə-'gidh-yən

arsmetryk aᴚz-'me-triək

art, artys 'aᴚt, 'aᴚ-tiəzs

arta 'aᴚ-tə

artykyl, artyclys aᴚ-'ti-kiəl, aᴚ-'ti-kliəzs

arv, arvow 'aᴚv, 'aᴚ-vow

arva 'aᴚ-və

arva 'aᴚ-və

arvor 'aᴚ-voᴚ

arvrusy aᴚ-'vri-zee

arvrusyans aᴚ-'vriz-yəns

arwedha aᴚ-'we-dhə

arwedhek aᴚ-'we-dhək

arwedhyk, arwedhygow aᴚ-'we-dhiək, aᴚ-wə-'dhi-gow

arweth, arwedhyow 'aᴚ-wəth, aᴚ-'wedh-yow

arwhythrans, arwhythransow aᴚ-'whi-thrənzs, aᴚ-whiə-'thran-zow

ascendya ə-'send-yə

asclas, asclejen 'a-skləzs, ə-'skle-jən

ascor 'a-skəᴚ

ascoras, ascorasow ə-'sko-rəzs, a-skə-'ra-zow

ascorn, eskern 'a-skəᴚn, 'e-skəᴚn

ascûs 'a-skyuzs

asen, asenas 'a-zən, ə-'ze-nəzs

askel, eskelly 'a-skəl, ə-'ske-lee

askewera a-skiə-'we-rə

askeweror, askeweroryon a-skiə-'we-rəᴚ, a-skiə-wə-roᴚ-yən

asnodhow əz-'no-dhow

asow, asowen 'a-zow, ə-'zow-ən

asper 'a-spəᴚ

asperyta ə-'spe-riə-tə

aspia ə-'spee-ə

aspia orth ə-'spee-ə oᴚh

aspians ə-'spee-ənz

aspiyas, aspiysy ə-'spee-yəzs, a-spiə-'i-zee

asran, asradnow 'az-rən, əz-'ra-dnow

Asran Droglabmow ha Gorothobmow 'az-rən 'drog-'la-bmow hə goᴚ-ə-'tho-bmow

âss, âcys 'a:s, 'a:-siəzs

assaultya ə-'so:lt-yə

assaultyans ə-'so:lt-yənz

assay, assayes ə-'say, ə-'sey-əzs

assentya ə-'sent-yə

assentyans ə-'sent-yənz

assoylya ə-'soyl-yə

assoylyans ə-'soyl-yənz

astel 'a-stəl

astel ober 'a-stəl 'o-bəᴚ

astell, estyll 'a-stəl, 'e-stiəl

astell dartyow, estyll dartyow 'a-stəl 'daᴚt-yow, 'e-stiəl 'daᴚt-yow

astell dîvya, estyll dîvya 'a-stəl 'deev-yə, 'e-stiəl 'deev-yə

astell gool, estyll gool 'a-stəl 'gu:l, 'e-stiəl 'gu:l

astell mordhardh, estyll mordardh 'a-stəl 'moᴚ-'daᴚdh, 'e-stiəl 'moᴚ-'daᴚdh

astell omborth, estyll omborth 'a-stəl 'om-boᴚh, 'e-stiəl 'om-boᴚh

astellwolya 'a-stəl-'wol-yə

astelor, asteloryon ə-'stel-əᴚ, a-stə-'loᴚ-yən

astevery a-stə-'ve-ree

asvaba əz-'va-bə

aswon 'az-won

aswy 'az-wee

atal 'a-təl

athlêt, athlêtys 'ath-le:t, əth-'le:-tiəzs

athvejy əth-'ve-jee

athves 'ath-vezs

athvetter əth-'ve-təᴚ

atom, atomow 'a-təm, ə-'tom-ow

atorny, atornys ə-'toᴚ-nee, ə-'toᴚ-niəzs

attal 'a-tal

attendya ə-'tend-yə

attent ə-'tent

attês 'a-te:z

attylly ə-'ti-lee

auctoryta ok-'to-riə-tə

auctour, auctours 'ok-tuᴚ, 'ok-tuᴚzs

augrym, augrymow 'o:-griəm, o-'griə-mow

automatek 'o:-tə-'ma-tək

aval, avallow 'a-vəl, ə-'va-low

aval gwlanek, avallow gwlanek 'a-vəl 'gwla-nək, ə-'va-low 'gwla-nək

aval kerensa, avallow kerensa 'a-vəl kə-'ren-zə, ə-'va-low kə-'ren-zə

aval paradîs, avallow paradîs 'a-vəl 'pa-rə-'deez, ə-'va-low 'pa-rə-'deez

avàn ə-'van

avan, avanen 'a-vən, ə-'va-nən

avarr ə-'vaᴚ

avauncya ə-'vo:ns-yə

avauncyans ə-'vo:ns-yənz

avell ûsadow ə-'vel yu-'za-dow

aventur ə-'ven-tiə

aventuryans ə-'ven-tiəᴚ-yənz

avês ə-'ve:z

avês dhe ə-'ve:z dhə

avîsyans ə-'veez-yənz

avorow ə-'vo-row

avortans ə-'voᴚ-tənz

avowa ə-'vow-ə

avoydya ə-'voyd-yə

avy 'a-vee

awartha ə-'waᴚ-hə

awaylak ə-'wey-lək

awedhya ə-'wedh-yə

awedhyans ə-'wedh-yənz

awedhyansus a-wədh-'yan-ziəzs

awednow ə-'we-dnow

awel, awellow 'a-wəl, ə-'we-low

awen 'a-wən

awenek ə-'we-nək

awenyth, awenydhyon ə-'we-niəth, a-wə-'nidh-yən

awoles ə-'wo-ləzs

awos ə-'woz

awos hedna ə-'woz 'he-d

aysel 'ey-zəl