Gerlyver Kescows Supplement




Extra vocabulary for reading

WHEDHLOW HA DROLLYS A GERNOW GOTH

by Nigel Roberts

using Gerlyver Kescows

 

Whedhlow ha drollys a Gernow Goth is particularly suitable for reading with young children who know some Cornish. The vocabulary is varied and idiomatic while avoiding difficult concepts. Here are all the extra words you need to understand the stories if you are using Gerlyver Kescows.

Definitions have generally been confined to those relevant for the story. The format and abbreviations in this supplement are the same as in Gerlyver Kescows, with one refinement. In this listing a middle dot following a vowel sound shows that primary stress is on that syllable (in cases where it is not the penultimate syllable); a double vertical line after a disyllabic word indicates that both syllables are more-or-less evenly stressed.

There are a few typographical errors in the book. And some spellings have changed in the light of further research since the book was published. The spellings in this listing are up-to-date. For the latest spellings of words in Gerlyver Kescows, go to the Kernowek Standard Spell-checker on the Vocabulary tab at www.skeulantavas.com.

 

abe·ll adv [from] afar

abrë·s adv timely

adhysto·wgh adv = dysto·wgh

alena rag phr from then on, thenceforth

amber amber

An Greal Sans The Holy Grail

an tu wàr jy avês phr inside out

anjùstys unjustice

ankensy adj grievous 

ansans ‖ adj impious

avau·nt interj = avau·nd

awos hedna phr in spite of that

ba·cheler m ba·chelers bachelor

badna m banahow drop

banow f banowas sow

basket m baskettys basket

ber m beryow spit

bëth moy phr even more

bewta (beawty) beauty

body m bodys body

bo·tteler m bo·ttelers butler

br[rr] sound br[rr] 

brawehy terrify Note pp brewehys

brynk m bryncow gill

bugel m bugeleth shepherd

bùly col rocks and pebbles

bydnar re2 phr + present subjunctive makes negative wish

bylen villain

byscath adv = bythqweth

bythqweth adv ever in affirmative / positive interrogrative sentence (past reference)

calassa adj harder

cales y bedn phr stubborn

chùrnya churn

chy-ainterj calling an animal home

clang sound clang

clap sound clatter

clatter sound clatter

cogh adj scarlet

cryghlebmel caper, jig

collan f colanow sheath knife

co·mpany company

con f conyow evening meal, supper

cona dine, sup

corel coral

corr m corras dwarf

cosa tickle

cosyn m cosyns cousin

cothenep antiquity

cowlek adj gluttonous

crack sound crack, snap, crash

cravas scratch

creatùr m creatùrs creature

crellas ruins

cromlegh f cromleghyow cromlegh, dolmen

dader goodness

dallhe· lagas phr put out an eye

dasterivas retell

dauns meyn m dauncyow stone circle

dëdh fin phr doomsday

defolyor m defolyoryon defiler

dega m degevow tithe

dell wher phr as it happens

dêlya (gans) deal (with)

den jentyl m tus jentyl gentleman

densa good man

deseha drain

devera dagrow phr shed tears

devrak adj watery, boggy

devorya devour

dewynya (dewyny) shine, gleam

dhia bàn2 conj since

dhyworth an jëdh phr as soon as it gets light

dre gevrîn phr mysteriously

dremâsgood man

dren m dreyn thorn, prickle

drockoleth evil, wickedness

drogwasm drogwesyon scoundrel

drùshya thresh

dynyak adj attractive, alluring

dyweladj invisible

dywithadj helpless, defenceless

e·lement m elementys element

elven f elvednow spark

er m êrys heir

fay m fays fairy

fëdh dâ good faith

floryshya flourish

flourya flower

flownen f flownednow hussy

foly folly, foolishness

fordh byna·g phr anyway

fortyn fortune

frappyans tapping, knocking

fusta thresh

fysky urgency, rush

fysment m fysmens (facial) feature(s), complexion

fyw interj phew

gadlyng m vagabond

gallas agas gober genowgh phr you’ve had your reward (= it serves you right)

gallas an gober genes phr you win

galow cû phr call (a cow)

gawl f gawlow fork

gèn prep = gans

gis-dauns adj in the form of a dance

go’dhor ‖ m godhas dor mole

Golowan Midsummer (festival)

gorvydnek adj jealous

grafek adj graphic

grauntya grant

gwandryas m gwandrysy wanderer

gwedhowes f gwedhwesow widow

gwetha compes phr stay true

gwethyades chy f gwethyadesow housekeeper

gwetyas na phr + subjunctive see to it that ... not

gwigh squeak

gwre’ty f gwrageth ty housewife

gwry m gwriow stitch

gwydn adj pale

gyllys gans flogh phr pregnant, expecting

hâ hâ interj ha ha (representing laughter)

ha na hens phr and not before

hapnya worth phr happen upon

hau hau interj haw haw (representing laughter)

hedhyw i’n jëdh phr today (as opposed to the past)

hendas ‖ m hendasow grandfather

hengof ‖ m hengovyon tradition (as memory)

henwhedhel m henwhedhlow legend

helyk col helygen willow

henoos ‖ m henosow ancient times

henwragh ‖ f henwrahas old witch

heskyn m heskydnow marsh

hî hî interj tee-hee (representing laughter)

ho interj ho

ho ho inter aha

hordh m hordhas ram

horsen m horsens blackguard

howlderevel sunrise

hûa interj yippee

huda bewitch

hudol adj magic, enchanting

hûjes adj huge, enormous

hùrâ· interj hurrah

hùrlya hurl (game)

hùrlyer m hùrlyers hurler

hus magic

‖ interj yey

ik interj eek

ilow music, tune

imajynacyon imagination

i’n mayth phr = le mayth

in lôk prep in sight of, in the presence of

in neb udn le phr somewhere (emphatic)

in stray phr astray, lost

intendya intend

îyaw ‖ interj yeow

Jack Tan Nos name Jack o’Lantern

kel m kelyow hiding-place

kenegy pl reed-beds

kentrydna spur, induce

kemeres cubmyas teg phr bid farewell

kepa·r adj the same

kepa·r ha Castel Rag phr in a total mess

kerdhes in mes phr court

kesen f kesow turf (of peat)

keuswask f keuswascow cheese-press

kewniek adj mossy; rotten (figuratively)

knouk m knoukys knock

knyvyas shear

kyns lebmyn phr formerly, previously

lamentya lament

lappya leap, frisk

lenjy m lenjiow nunnery, convent

lesvyrgh ‖ f lesvyrhas stepdaughter

liesgweyth adv many times, often

lynaja lineage, ancestry

lÿs m lÿsyow court

melynor m melynoryon miller

men growyn granite

meppyk m meppygow young son

mêstry dominance, power

miror m miroryon spectator

mîyaw ‖ sound miaow

mogh col swine, pigs

mollath f molothow curse

molethy curse

mortîdtide(s)

morvoren f morvoronyon mermaid

mostethes dirt 

mostya soil

mùrnya mourn

my·stery m mysterys mystery

neb udn(2) phr a certain

nefra adv ever in affirmative / positive interrogative sentence (present / future reference)

nes adv with express negative at all 

nes’hevyn neighbour(s); relative(s)

ô interj oh (surprise)

ojyon m ohen ox

ollgalosek adj almighty

omdowlor m omdowloryon wrestler

omglôwes feel (in oneself)

omsqwîtha tire intr

ôstes f ôstesow hostess, landlady

ôstya stay (as guest)

ow melder phr my sweet, my dear

oynk sound oink

oynment m oynmens ointment

pagan adj/m pagans pagan

parkya enclose (fields)

pehas m pehosow sin

pellor m pelloryon spellbreaker

pensevyges f pensevygesow princess, noblewoman

pensevyk m pensevygyon prince, nobleman

perhenogeth possession, ownership

person m persons character (in play)

pesky fatten

pîbor m pîboryon piper

pîss m pîcys piece

plenta (plenty) plenty

plêsya please

porhellyk m porhelygow piglet

poster weight

power power

pregoth = progeth

prierynsys pilgrimage

profusa prophesy

prowt adj (dhe2) proud (to)

pryns m pryncys prince

pùb le phr = in pùb le

pystrior m pystrioryon wizard, sorcerer

pystriores f pystrioresow witch, enchantress

re adv (a2) too many 

restorya restore

rycheth wealth

sacra consecrate

sawment healing

scaldya heat (to boiling)

scochon an mytern phr the king’s arms

sêmly adj seemly, handsome

sensy lagas wàr2 phr keep an eye on

sîra wydn m sîrys gwydn grandfather

skyvel m skyvlow (skyvly) talon

snap sound snap

soler m soleryow loft

sols m solsow shilling

so·mona summon

sownd m sowndys sound

sowthan = sowthanas

spedhes col spedhesen briars, brambles

spern col spernen thorn (plant)

splash sound splash

spyrys m spyryjyon sprite, pixie

spyrys knoukya m spyryjyon knocker

sqwier m sqwieryon squire

[ss]sh interj [ss]sh

stoppya stop

stranjer m stranjers stranger

syger adj inert, lazy

sygeror m sygeroryon sluggard, lazybones

syra sir (addressing someone)

tâk sound zap

tâl an chy phr the gable of the house

tan imperative take

tantor m tantoryon suitor

tastya taste

tebel m tebeles wicked person

tebel-was m tebel-wesyon scoundrel

tegyn m tegydnow pretty thing

tellek adj holed, punctured

temptyor m temptyoryon tempter

tennvos attraction

tergùsca doze, slumber

ternos  vyttyn phr next morning

teythiak adj native, original

tobmen tewas f tomednow sandbank

tomder heat, warmth; passion

torn[a] m tornow lathe

trai·tury treachery, betrayal

trap m trappys stile

travalya make one’s way, trudge, trek

trega (triga) dwell

trigva f trigvaow dwelling

tristans sadness

tropla = trobla

tru tru interj alas

tylly be worth

ûh interj uh

ùllya howl

ùmpth sound oompth

ùntya anoint

ùp a dey interj oops-a-daisy

ûps interj oops

va·nyta vanity

voys m voycys voice

wàr jy phr inside

wàr an dyweth phr finally, ultimately

wàr anow phr oral[ly]

wàr dhelergh phr back

wàr woles phr down below, downstairs

wàr y geyn phr right behind him

wàr stray phr astray, lost

warya beware, be wary (of)

wha[aa] interj wa[aa] (bay’s cry)

whack sound whack

whedhlow pl rumour(s)

whiogen f whiogednow pastry, cake

w[h]ûsh sound w[h]oosh

worshyp m worship, respect

y Vrâster phr his Majesty

yn arbednek adv particularly, especially

yo hùp interj oy