Convert the present forms into preterite forms (with auxiliary gwil; prefer anjy for ‘they’) and translate.

Example:      Yma hy ow qwary i’n lowarth.

Hy a wrug gwary i’n lowarth. She played in the garden.


1.       Yma ev ow prena torth a vara.

2.       Yma an pebor ow qwertha bara ha tesednow.

3.       Ymowns y ow kemeres skeusednow i’n castel.

4.       Yth esof vy ow try pluvak.

5.       Yth esta ow tos wàr an kyttryn.

6.       Yth eson ny owth esedha ryb an fenester.

7.       Yma an jyn tedna ow mos dres an park.

8.       Yth esowgh why ow pyskessa i’n mor.

9.       Yma an tiak ow leverel “dëdh dâ.”

10.     Yma an colyn ow qwary gans an flehes.



1.       Ev a wrug prena torth a vara. He bought a loaf of bread.

2.       An pebor a wrug gwertha bara ha tesednow. The baker sold bread and cakes.

3.       Anjy a wrug kemeres skeusednow i’n castel. They took photos in the castle.

4.       My a wrug dry pluvak. I brought a cushion.

5.       Ty a wrug dos wàr an kyttryn. You came on the bus.

6.       Ny a wrug esedha ryb an fenester. We sat by the window.

7.       An jyn tedna a wrug mos dres an park. The tractor went across the field.

8.       Why a wrug pyskessa i’n mor. You fished in the sea.

9.       An tiak a wrug leverel “dëdh dâ”. The farmer said hello.

10.     An colyn a wrug gwary gans an flehes. The puppy played with the children.