Convert the present forms into preterite forms (with auxiliary gwil) and translate.

Example:      Nyns usy hy ow qwary i’n lowarth.

Ny wrug hy gwary i’n lowarth. She didn’t play in the garden.


1.       Nyns usy ev ow prena torth a vara.

2.       Nyns usy an pebor ow qwertha bara ha tesednow.

3.       Nyns usons y ow kemeres skeusednow i’n castel.

4.       Nyns esof vy ow try pluvak.

5.       Nyns esta ow tos wàr an kyttryn.

6.       Nyns eson ny owth esedha ryb an fenester.

7.       Nyns usy an jyn tedna ow mos dres an park.

8.       Nyns esowgh why ow pyskessa i’n mor.

9.       Nyns usy an tiak ow leverel “dëdh dâ.”

10.     Nyns usy an colyn ow qwary gans an flehes.



1.       Ny wrug ev prena torth a vara. He didn’t buy a loaf of bread.

2.       Ny wrug an pebor gwertha bara ha tesednow. The baker didn’t sell bread and cakes.

3.       Ny wrussons y kemeres skeusednow i’n castel. They didn’t take photos in the castle.

4.       Ny wrug vy dry pluvak. I didn’t bring a cushion.

5.       Ny wrusta dos wàr an kyttryn. You didn’t come on the bus.

6.       Ny wrussyn ny esedha ryb an fenester. We didn’t sit by the window.

7.       Ny wrug an jyn tedna mos dres an park. The tractor didn’t go across the park.

8.       Ny wrussowgh why pyskessa i’n mor. You didn’t fish in the sea.

9.       Ny wrug an tiak leverel “dëdh dâ.” The farmer didn’t say hello.

10.     Ny wrug an colyn gwary gans an flehes. The puppy didn’t play with the children.