Convert the present forms into preterite forms (with auxiliary gwil; prefer anjy for ‘they’) and translate.

Example:      Yma hy ow qwary i’n lowarth.

Hy a wrug gwary i’n lowarth. She played in the garden.


1.       Yma an den ow kerdhes gans y gares in mes.

2.       Yth esof vy ow cùsca dohajëdh.

3.       Yth esowgh why ow colya in scath vrâs.

4.       Yth eson ny ow qwandra dres an vre.

5.       Ymowns y ow mos dhe’n gwely.

6.       Yma y lost ow qwevya.

7.       Yma an pùscador ow cachya pysk.

8.       Yma an maw ow fystena dhe’n scol.

9.       Yth esof vy ow ton trog dyllas.

10.     Yma an vowes ow pellgôwsel.



1.       An den a wrug kerdhes gans y gares in mes. The man dated his girlfriend.

2.       My a wrug cùsca dohajëdh. I slept in the afternoon.

3.       Why a wrug golya in scath vrâs. You sailed in a big boat.

4.       Ny a wrug gwandra dres an vre. We wandered across the hill.

5.       Anjy a wrug mos dhe’n gwely. They went to bed.

6.       Y lost a wrug gwevya. His tail wagged.

7.       An pùscador a wrug cachya pysk. The fisherman caught a fish.

8.       An maw a wrug fystena dhe’n scol. The boy hurried to school.

9.       My a wrug don trog dyllas. I carried a suitcase.

10.     An vowes a wrug pellgôwsel. The girl phoned.