The first edition of Kescows Nebes Moy appeared in 2018. Cornish vocabulary items not found in Gerlyver Kescows were presented for the first time in classified lists that take the learner beyond elementary vocabulary, enabling conversation about more technical topics that nonetheless form part of everyday life. This second edition will be developed here on-line. It may be published in printed form once it is complete.

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Last updated: 1 October 2022 (15:00)


CORNISH-ENGLISH SECTION

1  BODY

1-A  FIGURE, FITNESS

dywvron du bust (typically female in modern context)

greuv front (specifically of body)

grugysla midriff; waistline

in poynt corforek dâ phr physically fit 

keher brodn keherow pectoral muscle

keher dewben m keherow biceps

omassaya exercise (fitness)

stamyna m stamina

troboyntcres oos m troboyntys ‖ mid-life crisis

1-B  HEAD

aval lagas m avallow eyeball

bew an lagas phr the iris and pupil

camlagaja squint

er m eryow temple

fysment m fysmens feature

gols head of hair

lappa scovarn m lappys ear lobe

mol sleep (in eye)

môlys y lagasow phr bleary-eyed

poll bogh m pollow dimple

reun elgeth col stubble

rôsyn lagas m rôsydnow retina

1-C  MOUTH, NOSE, THROAT, NECK

aval briansen larynx

cafos dens phr be teething

cartha y vriansen phr clear one's throat

cowdollm cowdell ‖ sinus

cussyn kiss

dans lagas m dens canine

deskerny bare one's teeth

dewfrik tegys du bunged-up nose

diena gasp; pant

folwherthynv giggle

frig m frigow nostril

gargasen f gargasednow gullet, oesophagus

glavorya drool, slobber

golhy lonk phr gargle

gregga cackle

gùdhùk throat (exterior)

gwagren adenoydek f adenoid(s)

gwil mowys phr pout

gwythien an codna phr the jugular vein

kildansm kildens  molar

kilwagrenf kilwagrednow  tonsil

mery snivel

mînya nuzzle

mol bogey(s)

mowa m mowys pout

pig i'n codna phr crick in the neck

pûr snot

pyffya puff; splutter

scrynkya grimace

stevnyk f stevnygow palate

terlenky gulp

wàr boll y gil phr on the back of one's neck

wheja gwyns phr belch

wherthyn i'n vriansen phr chuckle

1-D  BONES, LIMBS

ascorn pedn elyn m eskern funny bone

bës arâg m besias forefinger, index finger

bës bysow m besias ring finger

bës brâs m besias thumb

bës cres m besias middle finger

bësya finger

boxas m boxesow punch

casel f caselyow armpit

clos dywvron f clojow rib-cage

codna troos conaow instep

crowsegys y verrow phr cross-legged

el esker f elyow shin

fer f ferow shank, lower leg

gothen f gothnow sole

ha'y dhywvregh alês phr with outstretched arms

kenen bës f kenednow cuticle

marou bone marrow

marou an keyn phr the spinal cord

mell dorn m mellow knuckle

mell keyn m mellow vertebra

mygorn cartilage

ol bës m olow fingermark

padellow an scoodh phr the shoulder-blades

padel pednglinf padellow knee-cap

pock elyn m pockyow nudge

ragvregh f ragvrehow forearm

1-E  REPRODUCTION, SEX

an brÿgh placenta

anterth m anterthow climax, orgasm

anvabeth infertility

astel mislivmenopause

baya kiss

càl a'y sav phr erection

carnalyta sex (sexual acts)

carnalyta a'n ganow phr oral sex

carnalyta a'n gons phr vaginal sex

carnalyta a'n gwèn phr anal sex

carnalyta consentus consensual sex

carnalyta dywith unprotected sex

chastyta chastity

clytorys m clitorysow clitoris

codna brÿs m conaow cervix

coplans goderrys coitus interruptus

dywgell du testicles

dos [dhe anterth] phr orgasm, climax, come

dylla has phr ejaculate

dylla oy phr ovulate

goos mîsek menses

gourvenowadj hermaphrodite

kell f kellyow testicle

kenen werghsys f kenednow gwerghsys hymen

ketherieth puberty

kethor col pubic hair

kethorva pube; groin

keveryans reydhak sexual orientation

lygyon pl genitals

mesen f mesednow glans

omrùttya masturbate

oyva f oyvaow ovary

pîbow Fallopyo pl Fallopian tubes

rendra dyfrooth phr sterilize (sb)

ry leth phr lactate

shora lavur m shorys contraction (in labour)

spadha castrate

spadhysak m spadhysogyon eunuch

sperm sperm, semen

spermyn m spermydnow sperm (individual)

tygen an dhywgell phr the scrotum

1-F  EXTERNAL, INTERNAL

adrenalyn adrenalin

albînô m albînôs albino

an vabm [i'n dorr] phr the spleen

blewak adj hairy

bleyngrohen  f bleyngrehyn  foreskin

bystel bile

bystelyor m bystelyoryon gall-bladder

caca poo (nursery word)

clapes m clapesow valve

côlon m côlons colon

colonyow pl guts, innards

crohen goodh goose-pimples

cyrcùmcîsyans circumcision

dûodênùm duodenum

gawl f gawlow crotch

genôm m genômow genome

godrak colostrum

gwagren f gwagrednow gland

gwagren thyroydek f gwagrednow thyroid gland

gwèn m gwenhow anus

gwessyow cons pl labia

gweyth dowr phr waterworks (polite avoidance expression)

gwil caca phr poo (nursery phrase)

gwil pypy phr wee (nursery phrase)

gwyns torr flatulence, wind

kenen gig f kenednow kig diaphragm

kelhednyk m kelhenygow areola

liv goos bloodstream

lydn poder pus

metaboleth m metaboledhow metabolism

môly clot

newron m newronow neuron

omhowla sunbathe

omleba wet oneself

omsewajya relieve oneself (polite avoidance expression)

pancreas (bara melys) pancreas

pendro dizziness; giddiness, vertigo

plustren f plustrednow mole

preves bian pl pins-and-needles

prostât prostate [gland]

pypy wee (nursery word)

rectùm m recta rectum

sfyncter m sfyncters sphincter

synaps m synapsow synapse

tellyk [whes] m telygow pore

vytamyn m vytamynow vitamin

2  HEALTH

The terminology of modern medicine evolves as rapidly as the understanding of physical and mental health. Popular speech tends to adopt technical terms imprecisely, even incorrectly, and in the field of medicine it often clings stubbornly to old ideas after the science has moved on. These lists attempt to capture the topic in strictly lay terms. They are not intended for the specialist, who might also regard some entries as misplaced.

2-A  GENERAL

anatomy anatomy

clâv anedhys m clevyon in-patient

clâv avês m clevyon out-patient

cleves gwenerek m clevejow sexually transmitted disease (STD)

cleves mortal m clevejow terminal illness

clynycal adj clinical (incl figuratively)

codha clâv phr fall ill

dasvêwans colon ha skevens phr cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

diagnôsa diagnose

diagnostek adj diagnostic

diagnôsys diagnosis

dygnaster m abnormality

dysês m dysêsys disease (especially figuratively)

fysek lestus preventive medicine

fysiologyl adj physiological

pandemyk (plag bÿs-efan) m pandemygyon pandemic

scodhyans bêwa life support

sentry cûr care home(s)

spyty m spytiow hospice, infirmary

yêhesva f yêhesvaow sanatorium

2-B  GENETIC DISORDERS

fybrôsys cystek cystic fibrosis

syndrôm Down Down syndrome

2-C  MENTAL / PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS

anorexya anorexia

autystieth f autism

brës-corforek adj pyschosomatic

cleves Alzheimer Alzheimer's disease

cleves an yagh hypochondria

cleves brës mental illness

clôsown claustrophobia

dygowjyseth dementia

gerdhellnydyslexia

meth cowjejyow nervous breakdown

newrotek adj neurotic

nownglevesbulimia

skytsofrênya schizophrenia

syndrôm Asperger Asperger's syndrome

wàr an spectrùm autystek phr on the autistic spectrum

2-D  BACTERIAL / PARASITIC DISEASES

cleves cogh scarlet fever

cleves sêson malaria

colera (terthen skit) cholera

dyftêrya diphtheria

fevyr tîfoyd typhoid fever

genbaljym tetanus, lockjaw

lovryjyon pl leprosy

pas garm whooping cough

pockys Frynk pl syphilis

pla du bubonic plague

tîfùs typhus

tysyk tuberculosis

whejalen f whejalednow abscess

2-E  VIRAL DISEASES

bregh Alman rubella, German measles

cleves rudh measles

covyd covid

ebôla m ebola

ereras pl herpes

ereras corf pl shingles

fevyr gwagrednek glandular fever

gorthvîrek adj antiviral

paljy flehes polio

pensagh tobm mumps

pockys munys pl smallpox

pockys sym pl monkeypox

pockys yar pl chickenpox

syndrôm imûndyfyk  denyl aqwîrys phr acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

vîrùs imûndyfyk  denyl phr human immune deficiency virus (HIV)

2-F  INFLAMMATIONS ETC

brew dûodênek m brewyon duodenal ulcer

brew gwascas m brewyon pressure ulcer, bedsore

brew pengasen m brewyon stomach ulcer

clavor glëb eczema

creven anwos f crevednow cold sore

dysentry dysentery

fakel avy f hepatitis

fakel briansen sore throat

fakel crohen dermatitis

fakel empydnyon meningitis

fakel gùsygen cystitis

fakel skevens pneumonia

goly bew m goliow ulcer

gowt gout

tanyjyon pl inflammation

whej ha skit phr gastro-enteritis

2-G  OTHER CONDITIONS

asthma (berranal) asthma

bodharder deafness

breghyans inoculation, vaccination

brehy pl dandruff

canker goos leukaemia

carrek vystel f carygy bystel gall-stone

cleves cêlyak coeliac disease

cleves clun sciatica

cleves doust pneumoconiosis

cleves marhogyon haemorrhoids, piles

cleves medhêwnep alcoholism

cleves melen jaundice

cleves môtornewrônmotor-neurone disease

clopen troos bunion

clot goos m clottys blood clot (especially in vein)

cyst cystow cyst

darwes troos col athlete's foot

dellny blindness

emboleth m emboledhow embolism

ewyn treus m ewynas in-growing toenail

glebans incontinence

gloos an golon phr angina pectoris

gooslivm gooslivow  haemorrhage

gwadnwoosanaemia

gwythy wedhys pl varicose veins

manteth kidney-stone (condition rather than any individual stone)

megrym m migraine

newralgya neuralgia

omlêsans m omlêsansow aneurysm

orny hypothermia

pendro vertigo

polyp m polypow polyp

posnyans boos food poisoning

rem keyn low back pain, lumbago

sclerôsys liesplek multiple sclerosis

sepsys sepsis

stlaveth speech impediment

strocas howl sunstroke

2-H  PHYSICAL INJURY

brew scav m brewyon minor injury

crehyllyans concussion

creven f crevednow scab

den brew m tus vrew casualty

gorra mes a'y le phr dislocate

ombystyk ombystygow self-inflicted injury

scaldya scald

trawma m trawmata trauma

ufern trailys m ufernyow sprained ankle

2-I  SYMPTOMS

arwedhyow cleves pl symptoms

bregh rash

fevrus adj feverish

gwythiek phr bloodshot

kelly aswonvos phr pass out

sqwych m sqwychys spasm

stoppys y golonyow phr constipated

symptomatek adj symptomatic

2-J  MEDICAL EQUIPMENT

catheter m cathetrow catheter

corn medhek m kern stethoscope

deveror holanek m saline drip

droppyor m droppyoryon dropper

jyn loneth m jynys dialysis machine

prevyas m prevysy test kit (covid, pregnancy etc)

purhsanitize

pyffyor m pyffyoryon inhaler

rêwlor colon m rêwloryon pacemaker

sterylya sterilize (sth)

strethassaylateral flow test

swàb m swabbys swab

2-K  DRUGS ETC

antyseptyk adj/m antiseptic

calmyth m calmydhyon sedative, tranquillizer

dascorhemmyn repeat prescription

dogen m dognow dose

dyspensva f dyspensvaow dispensary

effeth holya [treus] m effethyow [adverse] side-effect

ferylva f ferylvaow pharmacy

fysek shoppa over-the-counter medicine

golghlynlotion

gorth-hystamînm gorth-hystamînow  antihistamine

gorthprëf insect repellent

hunegyn m hunegydnow sleeping pill

in dadn galmans under sedation

keffurgy m keffurgeun addict

losanj m losanjys lozenge

oynment m oynmens ointment

oyl kevalsyow liniment, embrocation

painladhorm painladhoryon ‖ painkiller

pastyl m pastylyow pastille

penycyllyn penicillin

pùltys poultice

qwynîn m quinine

remedy m remedys remedy

sawment remedy

soposytôry m soposytôrys suppository

statyn m statyns statin

steroyd m steroydow steroid

trothlivyasm trothlivysy  diuretic

whejor m whejoryon emetic

2-L  MEDICAL PERSONNEL

medhek benenes m medhygyon gynaecologist

medhek brës m medhygyon psychiatrist

medhek eskern m medhygyon osteopath

medhek eskern ha nervow m medhygyon chiropractor

oberor carr clojy oberoryon ambulance worker

paramedhek m paramedhygyon paramedic

pathologyth m pathologydhyon pathologist

penethes f penethesow matron

radyôlogyth m radyôlogydhyon radiologist

ugh-clojioresf ugh-clojioresow  sister

2-M  SURGERY

brystreghyanshysterectomy

brodntreghyansmastectomy

chyrùrjenva f chyrùrjenvaow operating theatre

clamderyth m clamderydhyon anaesthetist

côlondroghcolostomy

daspoyntyans reydh gender reassignment

enplansans m enplansansow implant

impyans m impyansow graft

treusplansans m treusplansansow transplant

trogh Cesarek Caesarian section

vastreghyansvasectomy

2-N  DENTAL

cappa m cappys cap

cùrun f cùrunyow crown

dans keyn m dens wisdom tooth

enplansans denjak enplansow dental implant

fakel kig an dens bleeding gums

goly bew i'n ganow phr mouth ulcer

lanwans m lanwansow filling

poder dens tooth decay, caries

2-O  EYES

astygmateth astigmatism

dewfogus adj bifocal

fakel aval lagas conjunctivitis

glawcôma glaucoma

gwedrow howl pl sunglasses

gwedrygow hedro pl varifocal lenses

gwedrygow kestaf pl contact lenses

hir y wolok phr long-sighted

optycyan m optycyans optician

spectaclys pl spectacles, glasses

spectaclys dowr pl swimming goggles

spectaclys du pl dark glasses

spectaclys sawder pl safety goggles

2-P  MISCELLANEOUS VOCABULARY

acûbigansacupunture

alergeth alerghedhow allergy

anhun insomnia

ansawadow adj incurable

biopsy biopsiow biopsy

clâvhun dynys yn fedhek phr medically induced coma

colesterol (blonek bystel) cholesterol

colon-pibellowadj cardiovascular

corftosansmassage

dialîsans dialysis

dre wythien phr intravenous(ly)

dyswarneth unconsciousness

electrocardyogramelectrocardiogram (ECG)

enema m enemas enema

fram kerdhes m framyow walking frame

fram rolya m framyow rollator

fug-glevesfake illness, malingering

gogell arren f gogellow garren stem cell

gwith lehe palliative care

heb sawment phr untreatable

hevufter lehës reduced mobility

homeopathek adj homeopathic

hypodermek adj hypodermic

imajya dassenyans tenvenek magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

in remyssyon phr in remission

kevrath durya m kevradhow survival rate

lavregyn sugnek m lavregydnow absorbent pants

lenker col lenkeren tapeworms

nycotîn m nicotine

podrethek adj septic

poyntyans fâss orth fâss phr face-to-face appointment 

saworgosoletharomatherapy

recknans has sperm count

tomografieth amowntyorekhëscomputerized tomography (CT)

tomografieth dylla posytronow positron emission tomography (PET)

venym toxin

venymus adj toxic

3  LIFE, DEATH

3-A  CONCEPTION, BIRTH

camberthy miscarry

dhyrag termyn phr premature

dyghtyans froothus'he  in gweder phr in vitro fertilization (IVF)

embriô m embriôs embryo

endenythyans inbreeding

genesygla m genesygleow place of birth

genys yn farow phr stillborn

gevellas kehaval pl identical twins

glovedhes f benenes glovedhes midwife

golovas childbirth

gorel f gorellow incubator

gory hatch

mamoleth maternity

kenflogh m kenflehes foetus

mabm benfyk f mabmow surrogate mother

3-B  LIFETIME

a jaunjyas y vêwnans phr life-changing

adolescens adolescence

anvarwoleth immortality

dyvarow adj immortal

floholeth childhood

gwaityans bêwa life expectancy

henys old age Note phrase henys teg = ripe old age

hirooslongevity

rag bêwnans phr for life

3-C  DEATH

ancow death (especially high register or personified)

clogh an marow death knell

corf marow m corfow corpse

dyvew adj lifeless (incl figuratively)

dyvynyans corf autopsy, post mortem examination

dywethynder mernans rigor mortis

embaumya embalm

lien bedh m lienyow shroud

marowjym marowjiow  morgue, mortuary

merwel yn wheresys phr assisted dying

omladhans suicide

tebel-dewedhav come to a sticky end

3-D  SENTENCED TO DEATH

cregor m cregoryon hangman

crogprenm crogprednyer  gallows

dybedna behead

execûtya execute

gylotîn m gylotîns guillotine

lovan an cregor phr the hangman's noose

sentens a vernans phr death sentence, death penalty

skîtyans mortal lethal injection

3-E  HONOURING THE DEAD

bedhscrif ‖ (scrîven bedh) m bedhscrîvoyow  epitaph

crug lesky funeral pyre

[eus] tremenys phr the late + name

gormola m gormolys eulogy

kyny mourn Note construction kyny warlergh nebonen = mourn sb

marowscrif ‖ m marowscrîvyow  obituary

martyrdom martyrdom

ros mogh col rosen poppies

servys covath m servysyow memorial service

3-F  MISCELLANEOUS VOCABULARY

ladhva mergh knacker's yard

latty slaughterhouse, abattoir

4  FAMILY

4-A  RELATIVES

altrewan f altrewaneth stepmother

altrow m altrowon stepfather

goos nessa close kin

hengok m hengogyon great-grandfather

hen-henvamf henhenvabmow  great-grandmother

lesflogh m lesflehes stepchild

lesvap m lesvebyon stepson

lesvyrgh f lesvyrhas stepdaughter

mab wydn m mebyon gwydn grandson

mabm ha tas adoptus phr adoptive parents

mabm ha tas mêthryn phr foster-parents

myrgh wydn f myrhas gwydn granddaughter

nes'hevyn ‖ (nessevyn ‖) m & col close kin

4-B  LINEAGE

ahydhieth genealogy

bos devedhys a2 phr be descended from

hendas m hendasow forefather, ancestor (also used in sense 'grandfather')

henvam f henvabmow ancestress (also used in sense 'grandmother')

4-C  MARRIAGE ETC

benyn brias (benyn nowyth) bride

dydhemeth adj unmarried

gour prias (den nowyth) bridegroom

gwiasva cafos carorieth f gwiasvaow dating website

interdemedhy intermarry

kerdhes in mes gans phr date (sb)

kescar m/separation; separate intr

kesparneth dynasek civil partnership

maghteth prias f meghtydhyon bridesmaid

maryach m maryajys marriage (event or state); wedding

mis mel honeymoon

priosol adj marital

priosoleth marriage customs

tanta woo, court (incl figuratively)

4-D  IN-LAWS

broder dâ m breder dhâ brother-in-law

deuv m deuvyon son-in-law

gùhyth f gùhydhow daughter-in-law

whor dre laha f wheryth sister-in-law

4-E  CHILDREN

benefyt flehes child benefit

flogh bohes y vloodh m flehes toddler

floghwithchildcare

4-F  BAPTISM

mab besyth m mebyon godson

mabm besyth f mabmow godmother

myrgh besyth f myrhas goddaughter

tas besyth m tasow godfather

4-G  MISCELLANEOUS VOCABULARY

côta arvow m côtys coat of arms

loscaghincest

loscahusadj incestuous (incl figuratively)

mabm ha tas mêthryn phr foster-parents

omdhevatty m omdhevatiow orphanage

5  ATTIRE, GROOMING

5-A  CLOTHES

anorak m anoracow anorak

bretlyn nappy

cagoul m cagoulys cagoule

côta brâs côtys overcoat

côta glaw m côtys raincoat

dyllas dyffres m dylajow protective clothing

dyllas efander m dylajow spacesuit

dyllas nos pl sleepwear, pyjamas 

garnsy m garnsys jersey, sweater

gon bath m gonow bathrobe

gon chambour m gonow dressing-gown

gon cùsca bian m gonow negligee

hevys m hevysyow smock

hevys hewel melen m hevysyow reflective jacket

jerkyn lyw m jerkyns blazer

jerkyn nos m jerkyns pyjama top

lavrak gobonya m lavregow jogging pants

lavrak gwlanen m lavregow flannels

lavrak lows pednglinm lavregow knickerbockers

lavrak nos m lavregow pyjama bottom

lavrak raglen m lavregow dungarees

mantel f mentylly mantle, wrap

neyjwysk swimwear

parca (anorak Inûyt) m parcaow parka

poltrygas pl leggings

qweth f qwethow garment

qweth awartha f qwethow top

qweth awoles f qwethow bottom (bikini etc)

sewt gwary rompers

sewt manlînednowpin-striped suit

sewt onen onesie

sewt pùb jorna lounge suit

sewt resegva tracksuit

tûtû m tûtûs tutu

tydnwyskleotard

5-B  FORMAL

borawyskmorning dress

colmen dhu f black tie (dinner jacket)

colmen wydn f white tie 

côta losten m côtys cutaway

golesen Gernowek f golesednow Cornish kilt

gon dauns jentyl gonow ball gown

gon demedhyans m gonow wedding dress

gon gordhuwher m gonow evening gown

gwysk gordhuwher evening dress

jerkyn kyndyow m jerkyns dinner jacket

pows cocktail f powsyow cocktail dress

pows vian dhu f powsyow little black dress

5-C  STYLE

bys i'n dhewufern phr ankle=length

gwremlînenf gwremlînednow  hemline

isel y godna phr low-cut

lînen codna f lînednow neckline

nans an dhywvron phr cleavage

scoodh-nothadj off-the-shoulder

5-D  CLOTHING PARTS

copîs copîsyow fly

goles trailys turn-up (trousers)

gùdhùgen f gùdhùgednow collar

gùsset m gùssettys gusset

lappan m lappanow lapel

plegen f plegednow pleat

pocket brèst m pockettys breast pocket

pocket casel m pockettys inside pocket (jacket)

5-E  FASTENINGS

bocla buckle

botodna button [up]

boton crack botodnow popper

colmen vlew f colmednow blew hair clip

dylâcya unlace

dyvocla unbuckle

dyvotodna unbutton

dyzyppya unzip

galosys pl braces

garget m gargettys garter; suspender

kevren ragvrehel m kevrenyon cuff-link

stùd m stùddys stud

zyppya zip [up]

5-F  FABRICS

acrylyk acrylic

brethyn kêrek m twill

brethyn tre tweed

corden rûy corduroy

debrys gans gowdhanas phr moth-eaten

denêr denier

denym (coton kêrek) denim

elastân m elastane

fîbrow serus pl man-made fibre

gwlân cashmîr col cashmere [wool]

gwlân merînô col merino wool

gwlân ôn col lambswool

jyn-wolhadowadj machine washable

lobm y neus phr threadbare

nîlon nylon

poliester polyester

pyskroosfishnet

shyfon chiffon

stanchura waterproof

worstyd worsted

5-G  HEADWEAR

basnet gwlân m basnettys balaclava

bonet m bonettys bonnet

cappa Bask m cappys beret

cappa pel vâss m cappys baseball cap

coverchyf m coverchyvys headscarf

hot cales crèn hottys bowler hat

hot owrlyn m hottys top hat

5-H  FOOTWEAR

areskys f areskyjyow galosh

arhenas footwear

botas dowr col botasen gumboots, Wellington boots

botas kentryn col botasen hobnail boots

corn eskyjyow m kern shoehorn

eskyjyow pyskessa pl waders

eskys bës-gîk f eskyjyow peep-toe shoe

eskys bësnothf eskyjyow open toe shoe

eskys dygil f eskyjyow mule

eskys kilgron ‖ f eskyjyow sling-back shoe

eskys lÿs f eskyjyow court shoe, pump

eskys mynk f eskyjyow platform shoe

eskys predn f eskyjyow clog

flyp-flop ‖ m flyp-flops  flip-flop

gothen aberveth f gothnow in-sole

gwartha eskys m gwarthavyon vamp

sandal m sandalys sandal

seulyow uhel pl high heels 

whybanor crohen whybanoryon moccasin

5-I  UNDERWEAR

clout lygyon m cloutys string

corset m corsettys corset

dyllas nessa m dylajow underwear

golesen f golesednow petticoat

golesen Vask f golesednow Bask basque

islavrak  hir  m islavregow  long johns

ispowsf ispowsyow  vest

lavrak boxesor m lavregow boxers

lavregyn cron m lavregydnow thong

pows nessa f powsyow slip

5-J  JEWELLERY

amber amber

barrboosm barrbosow  barbell

bysow troos m besewow toe ring

cameô m cameôs cameo

emerod m emeros emerald

euryor ardhorn m euryoryon wristwatch

florednyk f florenygow locket

gèm m gemow gem

Jewelys an Gùrun pl the Crown Jewels

kelhen f kelhednow necklace

rûby m rûbys ruby

safîr m safîrow sapphire

stùd m stùddys stud

tegen grog f tegednow crog pendant 

5-K  MAKE-UP, PERSONAL GROOMING

aflenter adj matte

blew fâls (fâls-gols) col wig, toupee

bleyn ewyn creftus m bleynow artificial / false nail tip

bord emery m bordys emery board

crùllyor m crùllyoryon curler

dowr dyvarva wheg aftershave

dyblysca exfoliate

dyghtyans dêwla manicure

dyghtyans treys pedicure

dyvenymya detox

euthcudydnowpl dreadlocks

gavel vian f gavelyow bian tweezers

gis mehal mullet

glebyas m glebysy moisturizer

golowylyon pl glitter

gwlân coton col cotton wool

gwyscas gwyscosow coat (varnish)

istynor m istynoryon stretcher

iswyscas m iswyscosow undercoat (varnish)

kystednyk f kystenygow compact

lost merhyk lostow ponytail

lyw lagasow eye shadow

lyw tremyn rouge

mascara mascara

pedncolm ‖ m pencolmow ‖ topknot

pyncel lînedna m pyncels eye liner

radnans parting

remuvyor vernys ewynas nail varnish remover

tekheor m tekheoryon beautician

tellyans telyansow piercing

triakel balm

vernys ewynas nail varnish

5-L  MISCELLANEOUS VOCABULARY

aparell outfit

bond (band) ardhorn m bondys wristband

brodn-nothadj topless

caglys adj muddy (boots, clothing)

cùppa m cùppys cup (brassiere)

gowyskys adj underdressed

gorwyskys adj overdressed

lacka m lackys ladder

lobm-nothadj stark naked

mailys y lagasow phr blindfolded

medal m medalys medal

minwyscagag, muzzle (incl figuratively)

pelheor gowdhanas moth repellent

pompom m pompoms pompom

roscolmm roscolmow ‖ rosette

serthor gùdhùgen m serthoryon collar stiffener

stay m stayes support

tampon m tampons tampon

ternoth adj half-naked

towal amseryow m towellow sanitary towel

6  FOOD, DRINK

6-A  GENERAL

andebradow adj inedible

debradow adj edible

debry in boosty phr eat out

dry mes a jy phr take away Note phrases [boosty] dry mes a jy = takeaway [restaurant], [prës] dry mes a jy = takeaway [meal]

evadow adj potable, drinkable

methor m methoryon caterer

methorieth f catering

omservyans self-service

6-B  MEALS

con f conyow evening dinner (especially formal)

prës airen in-flight meal

prës tê tea

tùch tê tea break

6-C  COOKING, PREPARING FOOD

astell dyvynya f estyll chopping board

ber m beryow spit

braisya braise

broylya broil

bryjyon yn cosel phr stew

cana pobas m canys baking tin

cana rôstya m canys roasting tin

casserol m casserolyow casserole

casserolya casserole

coffen f coffednow pie-dish

cogen kemysky f cogednow mixing-bowl

crasa toast

dîcya dice

dornel f dornellow whisk

dornella whisk

dyghtyor boos m dyghtyoryon food processor

dyrewy defrost

dyvynya chop; mince

eurweder oy m eurwedrow  egg-timer

forn wynsel f fornow gwynsel fan-assisted oven

fusta beat, whip

gasverk gas mark

gorra in glegh phr marinate

govryjyon simmer

gwaskel f gwaskellow squeezer

kigbrenm kigbrednyer  skewer

lo predn f loyow wooden spoon

loya spoon

men tobm m meyn hob, hotplate

padel heb glena f padellow non-stick pan

paper gorthsaym greaseproof paper

plysca shell

pôchya poach

podyk kemysky m podygow liquidizer, blender

ragtobma preheat

rathel f rathellow grater

rathella grate

rolbren toos m rolbrednyer rolling-pin

sêsna season

set a bosow m settys set of weights

spadel f spadellow spatula

6-D  BREAD, BISCUIT, CAKE, PUDDING

amanydna butter

baget m bagettys baguette

bara cogh brown bread

bara creft artisan bread

bara gwydn (càn) white bread

bara ha brag phr malted bread

bara ha has phr seeded bread

bara toos trenk sourdough bread

bleus ha derevel ino phr self-raising flour

burm [sëghcol yeast (for baking)

cappa brows m crumble (topping) Note phrase trenkles cappa brows = rhubarb crumble

coffen brows f coffednow crumble (dessert)

coffen lavalow f coffednow apple pie

coffen merang lymon f coffednow lemon meringue pie

doyly m doylys doily

gwaneth Frynk col buckwheat

heb gwel phr unleavened

jyn breghtan m jynys sandwich maker

jyn crasa m jynys toaster

kyst bara f kystyow bread bin

leunvleusadj wholemeal

papadùm m papadùms poppadom

pellen fyges f pelednow plum pudding

pùdyn an vyternes queen of puddings

pùdyn melen cabinet pudding

pùdyn Nadelyk Christmas pudding

pùdyn riss m rice pudding

pùdyn sov suet pudding

sensor tesednow m sensoryon cake stand

tart kyfeth m tartys jam tart

tesen Madêra Madeira cake

tesen vrew shortbread

torth bagasyk f torthow batch loaf

torth jynjyber gingerbread

torth penty f torthow cottage loaf

torth vlejyowa f torthow blejyowa bloomer

torth vrag malt loaf 

torthen Veljan f torthednow Beljan Belgian bun

torthen gernek (crwassont) torthednow kernek croissant

torthen grows f torthednow crows hot cross bun

wafel m waflys waffle

6-E  EGGS, DAIRY

bohes berry phr low-fat

bord keus m bordys cheeseboard

crampeth oy col crempethen omelettes

dydhehen adj skimmed

frankresadj free-range

gwydn oy egg-white

hanter-dydhehen adj semi-skimmed

heb bos (nag yw) pastêrys phr unpasteurized

heb bos (nag yw) sellys phr unsalted

heb perthy shùgra leth phr lactose intolerant

kesehen adj homogenized

keus dyghtys processed cheese

keus Parma Parmesan cheese

keus pebys Welsh rarebit

keus penty cottage cheese

kish m kîshys quiche

leunleth whole milk

melen oy [egg] yolk

oyow Benet pl eggs Benedict

pastêrya pasteurize

qwark quark

sellys scav phr lightly salted

sosten lêty dairy products

6-F  MEAT

asow bryny col spare-ribs

backen labol streaky bacon

bord kervya carvery

bowyngiggreunhëscorned beef

brewgigmincemeat

casserol m casserolyow casserole

cracklyn crackling

cryhy crimp

deveras dripping

fagas col fagasen faggots (also firewood)

gosek adj rare

gosek cres phr medium rare

gyew col gristle

golyth mogh m golythyon bacon rasher

golyth Sul m Sunday roast

hagys m haggis

hàm ham

helgigvenison

pasty bugel m pastys shepherd's pie, cottage pie

pasty porhel m pastys pork pie

pellen brewgigf pelednow rissole

pùdyn Evrok m pùdyns Yorkshire pudding

rôstys cres phr medium

rôstys dâ phr well done

selsyk ha brows phr sausage and mash

stêk fylet m stêkys fillet steak

stêk pedren rump steak

stêk syrloyn m stêkys sirloin steak

tomgy tomgeun hotdog

troth bowyn beef extract

6-G  FISH, SEAFOOD

bës pysk m besias fish finger

cavyar caviar

cocla m coclys cockle

crogen an prieryn scallop(s)

dreynak mor m dreynogas sea bass

ganow cabm m anchovy, anchovies

garrlythcol garrlithen  Dover sole

garrlyth  leven col garrlythen  lemon sole

gwigh col gwihen [peri]winkles

gwigh mogh col gwihen whelks

mehal rudh m mehylly red mullet

meskel col mesclen mussels

meurlyth m meurlythas halibut

pollak m pollogas pollock

styfak m styfogas squid

tesen pysk f tesednow fish-cake

6-H  VEGETABLES

arvak an lowarth f rocket

beler dowr col watercress

beler lowarth col garden cress, mustard and cress

brows tettys col [potato] mash

brows tettys ha cavach phr bubble and squeak

cawl crygh col cawlen kale

cùcùmysyk cùcùmysygow gherkin

egydnow fav pl bean-sprouts

fav (fâ) Frynkek col faven runner beans

fav (fâ) gwydn col faven butter beans

fav (fâ) ledan col faven broad beans

fav (fâ) loneth col faven kidney beans

gwygbÿs col gwygbysen chickpeas

kegys wheg col kegysen celery

keler mogh col keleren truffles

kenyn col kenynen leeks

kenyn syvy col chives

letys del hir col letysen cos lettuce

letys meneth rew col letysen iceberg lettuce

merlosow col merlosowen asparagus

onyon ewynak col onyonen shallots

patâta in y grohen phr jacket potato

patâta melys m patâtys sweet potato

pÿs melen col pysen velen red lentils

pompyon knowmanynm pompyons butternut squash

salad cavach m coleslaw

soy soya

tesen patâta f tesednow hash brown

tùrnyp col tùrnypen turnip(s) But in Cornwall usually swede(s)

6-I  FRUIT

bewesen (bewyn) pith

brewvoosmincemeat

cocktail frûtys fruit cocktail

corynt rudh m coryns redcurrant

dates col datesen dates

fyges Corynt col fygesen currants

fyges howl col fygesen raisins

fyges sodones col fygesen sultanas

glasplùmenf glasplùmednow  greengage

grows col growsen gooseberries

growsen Cathay f growsednow kiwi[fruit]

iryn col irynen sloes

lychy m lychys lychee

nectarîn m nectarînow nectarine

owravalCathay m owravallow ‖ mandarin orange

pompyon mel m pompyons honeydew melon

qwyn m qwynys quince

salad frûtys fruit salad

tanjerîn m tanjerînow tangerine

yos aval kerensa tomato puree

6-J  NUTS, SEEDS

amanyn know dor peanut butter

has carwê col caraway seeds 

has anîs col aniseed

know Brasîl col knofen Brazil nuts

know cashew col knofen cashew nut

know coll col knofen hazelnuts, cobnuts

know Frynk col knofen walnuts

know pystachyô col knofen pistachios

sesamê sesame

sprus col sprusen kernels

6-K  HERBS

camîl col camomile

del bay col dêlen bay-leaves

fenokel (fenyl) fennel

fenokel Grêca fenugreek

fenyl angùs dill

jasmyn jasmine

losowen an mytern basil

organs marjoram

organs gwyls oregano

persyl col parsley

persyl Cathay col coriander

rôsmary rosemary

rûta rue

sawja col sage

taragon tarragon

tim thyme

tomenta peppermint

6-L  SPICES

canel cinnamon

clovas clove(s)

cùmyn cumin

greun puber col greunen peppercorns

knofen mùscat f nutmeg

ollspîss (puber Jamaica) allspice

paprîca paprika

plysken wheg mace

safron (safern) saffron

safron Eyndek turmeric

sows KerwrangonWorcester sauce

sows soy soy sauce

6-M  VARIOUS INGREDIENTS

aysel triakel balsamic vinegar

barlys perlys col pearl barley

bleus ÿs cornflour

brag malt

brùdnyon pl oatmeal

burm glëb col brewer's yeast

hopys col hops

hyly (brin) brine

iskel stock

jelatyn gelatin

kyfêthyn m kyfêthydnow preservative

margarîn margarine

semolîna semolina

sov suet

talgh bran

tapyôca tapioca

6-N  SWEET TOOTH

amanyn caramel butterscotch

banâna felsys banana split

blew shùgra col candyfloss

cowles gwydn col cowlesen wydn blancmange

glusyn gwin m glusydnow wine gum

kemmer kemmysk phr pick ’n’ mix

lehësy shùgra phr reduced sugar

loly rew m lolys ice lolly

lolypop m lolypopys lollipop

losowen an el f angelica

lycorys liquorice

malow melys col malowen velys marshmallow(s)

manshùgracaster sugar

mentyn wosa kydnyow m mentydnow after-dinner mint

merang m merangs meringue

pùdyn Melba peach melba

sacarîn saccharine

shùgra molâss Demerara sugar

shùgrus adj sugary

sorbê m sorbet

sùndê m sùndê sundae

sùgan gwynyol maple syrup

toos alamandys marzipan

triakel treacle

trufyl wheg trifle

6-O  TEA, COFFEE

bolhen coffy f bolhednow coffee capsule

box tê m boxys tea caddy

brow coffy m browyow coffee grinder

cafîn caffeine

capùchînô (coffy cùgol) m capùchînôs cappuccino

coffy chocklet mocha

coffy gwydn flat flat white

coffy rew iced coffee

dydhehen adj skinny

dygafîn adj decaffeinated

espressô (coffy gwask) m espressôs espresso

lattê latte

sagh tê m seghyer teabag

sythel coffy m sythlow coffee filter

tanyn tannin

6-P  ALCOHOL, MIXERS ETC

alcoholyk adj alcoholic (ginger beer etc)

chy brîhy m treven brewery

cordyal cordial

coref jynjyber ginger beer

cresygow crygh pl crinkle-cut crisps

deveryn dowr tobm phr tot of whisky

dewas jynjyber ginger ale

dewas lymon lemonade

dialcohol phr non-alcoholic

dowr tonyk tonic water

dewas crev m dewosow alcoholic drink

ganso y honen phr straight

gwin Madêra Madeira

gwin tobm mulled wine

gwyras wosa kydnyow phr liqueur

ha rew phr on the rocks

lymon wherow m bitter lemon

medh mead

medhow dall phr blind drunk

medhowy intoxicate

musur dobyl phr double

pùnch punch

seyfon m seyfonow siphon

shandy shandy

sôda soda

spadel f spadellow stirrer

styllva styllvaow distillery

styllya distil

tedna corkyn phr uncork

udn musur phr single

6-Q  AT THE TABLE

melyn puber f melynyow pepper mill

sawor Eyndek chutney

sêsnans dressing

tendyor m tendyoryon waiter

6-R  ROOMS, SPACES

asclasva f asclasvaow chipshop, chippie

bewdern m bewdernow refectory, canteen

boosva m boosvaow mess, canteen

golytty m golytiow steakhouse

golytty Tùrkek m golytiow kebab-house

lêty m lêtiow dairy

rastelva f rastelvaow grill[room]

saloun m salouns saloon [bar]

servys i'n chambour phr room service

6-S  MISCELLANEOUS VOCABULARY

asvlas aftertaste

boos garow roughage

carbohydrâtcarbohydrâtow  carbohydrate

cresygow talgh (telghyon) pl bran flakes

cresygow ÿs pl cornflakes

debry heb fînweth phr all you can eat

devôrya devour

dewas smoth m dewosow smoothie

diascorn adj boneless, filleted

dyvotter famine

glotny gluttony

godhas m godhojyon dregs

gwara spîcer col groceries

gwinlanf gwinladnow ‖ vineyard

lewa wolf [down], devour

noryshya nourish

pesky gans lo phr spoon-feed (especially figuratively)

pigor dens m pigoryon toothpick

plysk col plysken shells (nuts, eggs); pods (peas)

prôtên m prôtênow protein

pylyon pl peelings

sehyk m sehygow sachet

stanchys adj sealed

tedna dhywar an vrodn phr wean

troth burm yeast extract

7  HOME

7-A  STRUCTURE

astell tâlenep f estyll fascia board

bùngalow m bùngalows bungalow

chy dystak m treven detached house

daras adenewen m darajow side door

daras arâg m darajow front door

daras adhelergh m darajow back door

daras fenester m darajow French window

daras gorthtan m darajow fire door

daras leur m darajow trap-door

fenester derevel f fenestry sash window

fenester dormer f fenestry dormer-window

fenester to f fenestry skylight

gevelljym gevelljiow ‖ semi-detached house

gwedrans dewblek double glazing

gweyth predn woodwork

jist m jîstys joist, girder

kilbostm kilbostow ‖ doorpost

kilfenesterf kilfenestry  bay-window

leghvenm leghveyn  flag[stone]

min an to phr the eaves

nenbrenm nenbrednyer  [ceiling] beam

parwys m parwysy partition; party-wall

pedn an daras phr the lintel

penty m pentiow cottage

penty sowl m pentiow thatched cottage

plaster m plaster

res stairys f rêsyow flight of stairs / steps

sedhas m subsidence

to cala m tohow thatched roof

veranda m verandas veranda

7-B  ROOMS, SPACES

an leur awartha m the top floor

an leur awoles m the ground floor

an leur cres the mezzanine [floor]

an leur isella the basement

an leur kensa the first floor

attêsva f attêsvaow toilet

chy bian toilet

hunjy m hunjiow ‖ dormitory

kegyn adhelergh (kilgegyn ‖) f kegynow scullery

kegyn wor'musur f kegynow fitted kitchen

kegynyk f kegynygow kitchenette

parleth m parledhow parlour

pentys m pentysyow penthouse (all senses)

rom bêwa m rômys living room

rom flehes m rômys flehes playroom

rom recêva m rômys reception room

set a rômys m settys suite (hotel etc)

set demedhyans m settys bridal suite

set presydencyal m settys presidential suite

spens m spencys larder, pantry

stûdyô m stûdyôs studio

talgell f talgellow buttery, pantry

7-C  FIXTURES AND FITTINGS

astell losten f estyll skirting-board

balùster m balùstrow banister, balustrade

clavel f clavellys mantelpiece

clethren dadô f clethrednow dado rail

clethren pyctours f clethrednow picture rail

cofyr saw m cofrow safe

cornys m cornyssyow cornice

leur parkê parquet floor

lynôleùm lino[leum]

taclow lâcys ha stagys phr fixtures and fittings

valans m valancys pelmet

7-D  FURNITURE

bord lestry m bordys sideboard

bord screfa m bordys desk

bùffet m bùffettys corner cupboard

chair lesca m chairys rocking-chair

esedhva eglos f esedhvaow pew

gorheryans upholstery

gwely bian m gweliow cot

gwely mynk m gweliow bunk bed

gwely nenlenm gweliow four-poster bed

kyst dyllas f kystyow chest-of-drawers

latha m lathys slat

lyverva f lyvervaow bookcase

moos omwysca f mosow dressing-table

predn gwely m prednyer bedstead

tùttyn (scavel droos) m tùttydnow footstool

7-E  SMALL CHILDREN

cawn gwary (pyssîn flehes) m cawnow paddling pool

corlan wary f corladnow gwary play pen

margh lesca m mergh rocking-horse

pottyk m pottygow potty

presep kerdhes m presebow kerdhes carrycot

teddy-ber ‖ teddy-bers teddy[-bear]

tegen vedhel f tegednow medhel soft toy

7-F  BEDROOM, BATHROOM

clout omwolhy m cloutys flannel

floss denjak dental floss

flossya floss

gobedner (pednwely ‖) m gobeneryow pillow

golgh ganow mouthwash

gorher gobedner m gorheryow pillowcase

gorthwhës antiperspirant

gwask lavrak trouser press

is-gobedner m is-gobeneryow bolster

kewlet awartha m kewlettys bedspread, coverlet

kyst demedhy f kystyow trousseau

lûfa m lûfaow loofah

lydn seban liquid soap

men pùmys pumice [stone]

nappa dohajëdh m nappys afternoon nap

polter talcùm talcum powder

predn towellow m prednyer towel rail

strayl gwely m straylyow bedroom rug

valans m valancys valance

7-G  KITCHEN, DINING ROOM

bord sygera m bordys draining board

cantol tê f cantolyow tealight

caraf m carafow carafe

clos sygera f clojow drying rack (for crockery)

clout lestry m cloutys dishcloth

cogen f cogednow wooden bowl

cogen gweder f cogednow glass bowl

coltrebyn (cantolbren ‖) m coltrebydnyer candlestick

crackyor know m crackyoryon nutcracker

crûet m crûettys cruet

cùppa m cùppys teacup

cùppa coffy m cùppys coffee cup

folen (dêlen) alùmynyùm aluminium foil

gevel know f gevelyow nutcrackers (hand-held)

gwynsel wakhef gwynsellow extractor fan

gwyver degea m gwyvrow wire closure

kenen vytel cling-film

laun pysk m launow fish slice

lo ledan f loyow ladle

lo pùdyn f loyow dessert spoon

lo servya f loyow tablespoon

lydn golhy lestry washing-up liquid

pycher m pychers pitcher

scùrryor m scùrryoryon scourer

straylyk tyller m straylygow place mat

7-H  LAUNDRY, CLEANING

aira air

airfrescorm airfrescoryon  air freshener

clos aira f clojow clothes-horse, drying rack (for clothes)

clout podn m cloutys duster

dehen scùrrya cleaner (liquid)

doustya dust

dowr cana bleach

dygelyonor fly paper; fly spray

ebyl dyllas m ebylyon clothes peg

êwnor padn fabric conditioner

gorra in glegh phr put in[to] soak

levna [gans horn] (hornella) phr iron

lînen dyllas f lînednow clothes line, washing line

lydn dygalghhe descaler

padel podn f padellow dustpan

polter golhy washing powder

remuvyor namow stain remover

rolyor lienyow m rolyoryon mangle

scùrrya scrub

sebony soap

sehador omwheles m sehadoryon tumble dryer

sehador troyllya m sehadoryon spin dryer

shamy m shamys chamois leather

sôda golhy washing soda

sôda loscus caustic soda

starchya starch

styfyor êrosol m styfyoryon aerosol [spray]

7-I  NEEDLE, THREAD

bësken f beskednow thimble

crochetya crochet

crow najeth m crewow eye (needle)

gwrèm m gwremyow hem

gwry m gwriow stitch (sewing); seam

magel f maglow stitch (knitting)